I cannot edit the original rough draft post so below is the final version of the article.
Down The Rabbit Hole – CPP NM Windage Knob Who was CPP?
Some National Match windage knobs were marked with C.P.P. as the manufacturer. Some M1 National Match rifles, and possibly M14 National Match rifles, were assembled at Springfield Armory with C.P.P. marked NM windage knobs. What was the name of the company which made this part? The answer is not known. The following narrative presents some possible answers to the question. Background
If we accept the proposition that CPP marked windage knobs were used by Springfield Armory in the assembly of M1 NM rifles, the time frame in which these rifles were manufactured gives us a lead into identifying the contractor with initials C.P.P.
M1 National Match rifles were built from 1953 to 1963 at Springfield Armory (Springfield, MA). The armory manufactured new M14 National Match rifles beginning in 1961 and ending in 1963. The first two batches of M14 NM rifles, manufactured in 1961 and 1962, numbered 100 each. TRW was awarded a contract to manufacture new M14 M14 NM rifles in 1964. Further, Springfield Armory rebuilt M14 rifles into M14 NM models in 1965 and 1966 and Rock Island Arsenal did likewise in 1967.
Photos supplied by hammonje show C.P.P. marked NM windage knobs with two different font styles. For the sake of simplicity, let’s call them one small and the other large. One could infer this means there were two or more production runs. Perhaps one contract was for the M1 NM and the other for the M14 NM?
Springfield Armory manufactured and made National Match rear sight parts available in 1957. Match shooters could obtain the parts and install them on their rifles. Beginning in 1959, Springfield Armory used its National Match sight parts in the assembly of M1 National Match rifles. Sometime around 1960 or 1961, the armory contracted production of the National Match windage knob to a company that marked this part with the initials C.P.P. This is evidenced by original condition M1 NM rifles with supporting CMP documentation.
C.P.P. NM windage knobs were manufactured as early as 1960 or 1961 and possibly as late as 1967 because that is when the part would have been used to assemble National Match rifles. Carpenter Powder Products, Inc.
Carpenter Powder Products, Inc., Bridgeville, PA, manufactures tool steel and powdered metal products. It is a business unit of Carpenter Technology Corporation. The brand got its start when James H. Carpenter and a small group of investors founded Carpenter Steel Company on June 01, 1889. The company began research into specialty alloys in the 1920s. Through acquisitions such as Dynamet Titanium and Amega West Services, Carpenter Technology Corporation operates a number of facilities in the US and overseas.
Each contractor supplying parts to the U. S. military was assigned a CAGE Code. Example, the CAGE Code for Olin Mathieson Chemical Corporation was 66118. This marking is found on M14 trigger housings and hammers manufactured by Winchester (OMCC). M14 rifle parts were often marked with the manufacturer name, initials or CAGE Code. Thus, the CAGE Code is one means of identifying the manufacturer and establishing when a part may have been produced.
Carpenter Powder Products was issued a CAGE Code, 1VHS3, on September 26, 2001. The first government contract or purchase order I can find for Carpenter Powder Products was dated September 2006. Because the CAGE Code was not established until 2001, it is unlikely Carpenter Powder Products, Inc. produced the National Match windage knob used to assemble M1 NM and M14 NM rifles in the 1960s. Conner’s Precision Parts, Inc.
Conner’s Precision Parts, Inc. was incorporated on September 01, 1959. Its manufacturing facility was located at 14504 Carmenita Rd, Norwalk, CA. It last filed as a business entity on April 17, 1972. Its CAGE Code was 31179. The CAGE Code was in cancelled status as of June 1974. The company had US Army contracts in 1969 for aviation related items. Its current status is FTB (Franchise Tax Board) Suspended. I have not found any information to date on the type of products produced by Conner’s Precision Parts or the equipment it used. Crescent Precision Products
H. Clyde Mills founded Crescent Machine Company in a small rented building after World War II. The company grew and was a given new name. Crescent Precision Products, Inc. was registered as a Domestic Corporation in Oklahoma on March 29, 1960. It formed again as a Domestic Corporation on July 02, 1963 with H. Clyde Miles as the President. Crescent Precision Products was operating at capacity through the mid-1960s. Thus, the company expanded in 1968 by adding 100,000 square feet of manufacturing floor space, purchasing the latest Numerical Control (NC) machine tools and more skilled workers. As of December 1968, the company occupied a 172,500 square foot facility in Tulsa, OK employing over 500 machinists and technicians.
Crescent Precision Products was one of seven subsidiaries owned by Saturn Industries, Inc. headquartered in Dallas, TX. One of the subsidiaries, Crescent-Dallas (Dallas, TX), manufactured aircraft structures, ordnance hardware and other military products. Crescent-Dallas was awarded US Air Force contracts in 1971, 1973, and 1975. The 1970s contracts indicate Crescent-Dallas was doing business in Garland, TX. The Texas Comptroller lists the business status as Franchise Tax Ended.
Crescent Precision Products was awarded a number of US Air Force contracts in 1967, 1968 and 1969. From 1966 to 1970, it also manufactured helicopter parts for Bell. Other customers included Boeing Company Vertrol Division, McDonnell Douglas Corporation, Hughes Aircraft Company, IBM Corporation, LTV Aerospace Corporation, Lockheed-California Company, Honeywell, Inc., Tinker Air Force Base and Varo Military Systems Division. The CAGE Code for Crescent Precision Products (Tulsa, OK) was 26216. This CAGE Code was in cancelled status as of June 1974. The current status is Dissolved.
The company was denied a tax exemption in 1968 it thought was permissible under state law. Crescent lost the case at trial and under appeal to the Oklahoma Supreme Court in 1973. The Oklahoma Secretary of State lists the company as a Foreign Corporation registered in Delaware effective May 29, 1968. A search on the Delaware Secretary of State web site for Crescent Precision Products yields no result.
Crescent Precision Products self-published an illustrated book in 1968 entitled Inside Crescent; New Ideas In Machining.
It was written by H. Clyde Miles. The book includes many photographs of the type of precision machined parts it produced and some of the machines used to make them. The book identified Joe Henry as the company Vice President and General Manager. It included an index of company equipment. The 1968 equipment index is too lengthy to reproduce but lists the following types of machine tools: Milwaukee-Matics, NC lathes, NC drill, NC jig mill, turret and tracer lathes, milling machines, cylindrical grinders, centerless grinders, internal grinders, surface grinders, lapping machines, hones, drill presses, boring machines to include gun drilling, broaches, threading machines, gear cutters, metal saws, tool grinding equipment, and a number of specialized machines.
Quoting from New Ideas In Machining
, “C.P.P. is backed and supported by the combined assets and talents of our parent corporation.” Conclusion
Crescent Precision Products possessed the necessary equipment and skilled labor to produce the M14 NM windage knob. The company referred to itself as C.P.P. during this time. The company was awarded military contracts in the 1960s for precision machined parts. In my opinion, Crescent Precision Products (Tulsa, OK) was likely the manufacturer of C.P.P. marked M14 NM windage knobs. References
Please keep the web links below cold/non-functioning.
Appeal of Crescent Precision Products, Inc. 1973 OK 140, 516 P.2d 275, 11/13/1973, Supreme Court of Oklahoma. law.justia.com
California Secretary of State. sos.ca.gov
Canfield, Bruce. “The National Match M1.” American Rifleman
October 04, 2011. americanrifleman.org
Carpenter Powder Products, Inc. cartech.com
Carpenter Technology Corporation. wikipedia.org
Civilian Marksmanship Program. “Type II NM M1 opinions.” Discussion forum thread dated 08-05-15 to 08-07-15. thecmp.org
Delaware Secretary of State. corp.delaware.gov
M_ X_ X_. LinkedIn Profile (name redacted for privacy). linkedin.com
M14 Forum. “Some GI Rear Sights.” Discussion forum thread dated 08-05-15 to 08-07-15. m14forum.com
Miles, H. Clyde. Inside Crescent; New Ideas In Machining.
Crescent Precision Products, Inc.: 1968.
Oklahoma Secretary of State. sos.ok.gov
Texas Comptroller Taxable Entity Search. mycpa.cpa.state.tx.us