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Common tools to maintain and disassemble the M14/M1A

This is a discussion on Common tools to maintain and disassemble the M14/M1A within the The M14 forums, part of the M14 M1A Forum category; Sure, it's all been posted before and it's included on one of my essays but one of the common questions that's been asked is "What ...


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Old March 13th, 2013, 06:35 AM   #1
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Common tools to maintain and disassemble the M14/M1A

Sure, it's all been posted before and it's included on one of my essays but one of the common questions that's been asked is "What do I need to maintain my M1A?"

I felt like maybe this topic alone deserved its own thread. Please bookmark it and share it when the question arises. As much as we have the sticky's people miss them sometimes.

Here's a picture and a list of common tools and supplies you'll need to disassemble, clean and maintain your M14/M1A and keep it running in tip-top shape:



1. Grease of choice. I prefer Lubriplate 130-A which can be purchased from Brownell’s. Other popular greases are Plastilube, Tetra gun grease, TW-25b and even wheel bearing grease

2. A small artist’s paint brush for application of grease (optional)

3. A Chamber maid flexible bore brush handle (optional). This item is not an absolute necessity but will make cleaning the chamber much easier than using a GI chamber brush and a patch. GG&G also makes their own version.

4. A GI multi-tool (optional)

5. A 3/8” boxed end wrench (optional)

6. A multi-bit handle (optional)

7. A cleaning rod bore-guide. I consider this a necessity to properly protect the barrel crown from damage during cleaning.

8. A chamber cleaning port. I think this one is made by Possum Hollow. You can find them at Sinclair's. (optional)

9. Multiple bits consisting of standard allen sizes and screwdriver tips for use with item number 6. (optional)

10.A cleaning rod section with a 45cal bore brush used to clean the flash suppressor (optional)

11. A gas cylinder/gas lock wrench. (can be substituted with Items 24 and 25) The one shown is a BAD-T4 tool that can be used with GI gas locks and Smith Enterprise gas locks which include dovetails for front sights or gas locks with permanently integrated front sights. Smith Enterprise and Sadlak also sell versions and there are also GI gas lock wrenches available.

12.A BAD-T1 tool (optional). This tool can be used to disassemble the M14 rifle and includes integrated gauges to measure muzzle wear, throat erosion and flash suppressor alignment. It also includes a storage pot for grease and can also be used with multi-bits (allen and screwdriver bits). It also has an adapter to measure throat erosion on M1 Garands. The tool is very expensive but is well worth the money if you are in the habit of measuring and monitoring throat erosion and muzzle wear as well as frequent self-gunsmithing.

13.A #15 long drill bit with handle. This is needed to clean inside the gas piston tail.

14.A letter “O” drill bit. This will be used to clean the inside of the gas plug.

15.A letter “P” drill bit. This will be used to clean the large opening in the gas piston.

16.A GI chamber brush. (Optional with suitable substitute)

17.A .30 caliber bore brush with brass shank.

18.A 45 caliber bore brush used to clean the chamber in place of a GI chamber brush (optional).

19.A 45 caliber bore mop (optional). This will make thorough removal of solvents much easier and quicker.

20. If using an eyelet attachment to clean the bore, use an eyelet with a 30 caliber cotton cleaning patch.

21. If using a cleaning jag, use a jag with a 22 caliber cotton cleaning patch or a 30 caliber cotton cleaning patch cut in half.

22.A nylon cleaning brush.

23.A set of castle nut pliers. The ones shown are home made but others can be purchased on gunbroker or Brownell’s.

24.A large crescent wrench as a substitute for a gas lock wrench (item number 11).

25.A strip of leather for use with item 24.

26.Solvent of choice.

27.Oil of choice.

28.A one piece cleaning rod. It doesn’t have to be an expensive cleaning rod. The expensive ones are nice but I used a $12 coated cleaning rod and it worked fine. When using a jag to clean the barrel instead of an eyelet, it will take more effort to push it through the barrel and you may bend it. The expensive ones won’t bend but as long as you are careful, a cheap one will do fine.

Tony.

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Old March 13th, 2013, 06:42 AM   #2
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Thanks Tony, I don't have a #3 yet. I am familiar with the GG&G version. Which one is that in your photo?

3. A Chamber maid flexible bore brush handle (optional). This item is not an
absolute necessity but will make cleaning the chamber much easier than
using a GI chamber brush and a patch. GG&G also makes their own
version.

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Old March 13th, 2013, 06:45 AM   #3
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Quote:
Originally Posted by cruciantime View Post
Thanks Tony, I don't have a #3 yet. I am familiar with the GG&G version. Which one is that in your photo?

3. A Chamber maid flexible bore brush handle (optional). This item is not an
absolute necessity but will make cleaning the chamber much easier than
using a GI chamber brush and a patch. GG&G also makes their own
version.
The brand, I believe, was Chamber Maid. I bought it long ago and I don't remember what brand it was. I actualluy want one with better quality. I think Sinclair sells a higher quality one. The Otis kit has a small cable and T handle attachment that will also work in this situation.

Tony.

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Old March 13th, 2013, 07:01 AM   #4
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One more thing, a plastic or hard rubber mallet for those pesky oprods!
Todd

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Old March 13th, 2013, 07:08 AM   #5
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One thing I do with the artists paint brush, to make it easier to get into tight spots on the rifle, is to cut off most of the handle so that only 2 inches are left behind the brush. It makes it easier to get the brush inside the receiver. It also now stores easier. I keep mine inside the grease tub.

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Old March 13th, 2013, 08:33 AM   #6
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I recently used your guide a couple weeks back to procure the rest of the tools I need for proper long-term maintenance.

I went with the the GG+G chamber rod, havent had a chance to use it yet. It is built well though, should last a lifetime.

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Old March 13th, 2013, 09:11 AM   #7
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I've found that a dedicated bolt roller greaser is handy. The ones I've used were purchased from Badger Ordnance.

Also, while not really needed for maintenance, I like using a gas port alignment tool to confirm gas cylinder / barrel alignment each time I strip and clean my rifles.

Thanks from tonyben
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Old March 13th, 2013, 01:18 PM   #8
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Great list!

When I shot NRA highpower with my M1A, I used to keep a fired .30-06 case in the shooting stool. It was an expedient "tool" to help compress the ejector when reassmbling the bolt (after shucking an extractor)

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Old March 13th, 2013, 01:55 PM   #9
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What, no spent 30-06 case?

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Old March 13th, 2013, 02:21 PM   #10
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Quote:
Originally Posted by eplexus View Post
What, no spent 30-06 case?
I keep one empty 30-06 case in the buttstock along with a little baggie containing a spare extractor & extractor spring assembly, and a spare ejector & spring assembly. This fits right behind the GI combo tool and ratchet chamber brush.

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Last edited by Diablo Gato; March 13th, 2013 at 02:22 PM. Reason: clarifying
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Old March 14th, 2013, 06:03 AM   #11
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I owe Tony a debt for his video showing how to use the 30-06 case to disassemble the bolt. Anytime I don't have to buy another special tool, its a good thing.


Thanks Tony.

E

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Old March 14th, 2013, 06:58 AM   #12
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Quote:
Originally Posted by GoodGuy View Post
I've found that a dedicated bolt roller greaser is handy. The ones I've used were purchased from Badger Ordnance.

Also, while not really needed for maintenance, I like using a gas port alignment tool to confirm gas cylinder / barrel alignment each time I strip and clean my rifles.
I use a .45 ACP case and a drill bit.

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Old March 14th, 2013, 08:56 AM   #13
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Those BAD-T1 are nowhere to be found nowadays :(

Is #5 A 3/8” boxed end wrench the same size as the gas plug wrench on the GI tool?

Thanks,

AT.

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Old March 14th, 2013, 09:50 AM   #14
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3/8

Quote:
Originally Posted by atpa8a View Post
those bad-t1 are nowhere to be found nowadays :(

is #5 a 3/8 boxed end wrench the same size as the gas plug wrench on the gi tool?

Thanks,

at.
yes

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Old March 14th, 2013, 12:12 PM   #15
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drill bit size

What size are the drill bits for the gas system?

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